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The Bedine were a proud, warlike race that inhabited the southern Anauroch regions[5][6] but were concentrated in the region known as the Sword.[5][7][8] Most folk of the Realms had no idea that the Bedine even existed, and those who did rarely could understand the difficult conditions of survival that drove them to live the way that they did.[1]

DescriptionEdit

They had brown-hued skin, brown eyes, and black or brown hair[5][7][6] and were of average height and weight for a humanoid creature of Faerun.[9] Those rare instances of blue eyes or blonde hair were a product of "outlander blood".[5]

Ashurta

An unveiled Bedine woman.

Bedine had lived for so many centuries in the desert that their bodies had adapted to its extremes of hot and cold more so than typical humans.[10]

ClothingEdit

Bedine rogue

A Bedine woman in traditional garb.

Some clothing played a symbolic role in Bedine culture.[11] Most Bedine men and women wore keffiyeh,[2][7] or kufiya,[11] scarves on their head.[2][7] These were usually white to soak up as little heat as possible and were worn when outside.[2] An igal,[11] a brow band,[7] held the keffiyeh on the head[7] and indicated a person's status[11] and tribe;[7] it could be made of camel hair and precious gems.[11]

A type of loose, sleeveless robe called an aba,[2][7][11] which protected from the suns rays,[7][12] was worn by both men and women,[5] but some men deviated from this traditional style and wore loose shirts and vests instead.[7] Over the aba was worn a dark jellaba at night, to provide warmth.[2]

The women of Bedine tribes were covered from head to ankle with even veiled faces in public.[5][7][12] Only their hands, feet, and eyes were visible.[5]

Among precious stones, sanidine was admired by the Bedine.[13]

PersonalityEdit

Honor was prime among the Bedine's beliefs—more important than life itself.[5] This included both personal honor and the honor of one's family.[7] Their harsh existence, full of death and hardship, molded their culture to believe the gods would measure them based on their behavior in life.[5][7] A typical Bedine man lived his life seeking to defend his family, to serve his sheikh, and to win honor.[7] Killing was not looked down upon as harshly as by other cultures. Life was harsh and death was common; thus, if it were pragmatic to do so, killing another human might be little different than killing an animal.[5]

You do what you must to survive, and I will do the same.
— Ruha, the Harper witch[5]

To the Bedine, no one had the right to claim ownership of food or water; such items belonged to whoever needed them at the time. Thus, hoarding and gluttony were highly offensive to the Bedine.[7]

Despite their violence amongst each other, the Bedine tended toward law[12] and goodness;[14] they stood stoically against evil and chaos.[12] On the one hand, Bedine would freely share food and water with those in need; yet on the other hand, they carried on perpetual and violent rivalries with Bedine from other tribes.[5][9] These rivalries occurred primarily because the number-one concern of a typical Bedine individual was survival—daily existence in the harsh desert was not a guarantee, and tribes thus often survived by raiding each other, stealing camels, food, or other needs.[9] A victory meant another day to survive.[15][9]

The Bedine are always more concerned with vengeance than with what is right—and always is far too often for any folk to live long, or live untwisted.
— Elminster Aumar[1]

Another source of long-standing feuds was the insulting of a Bedine or his family's honor. Such feuds might last for more than a generation until honor was restored. Restoration of honor often meant the execution of the offender or one of the descendants.[7]

Most Bedine had never left the Sword, much less the greater desert. They knew that the land to the north was even drier and more barren.[5][15][9] They would be utterly astonished to experience life outside the wasteland that they know as home.[15][7]

Because the very few outsiders a Bedine might meet were most likely to have been escaped criminals, risk-taking adventurers, or Zhentarim traders, the Bedine did not have a favorable view of those of the outside world around the desert,[5][15][9] considering them dishonest "jackals"[15][7] or naming them "paleskins" or "bonehides", in reference to their usually far lighter skin tones, or simply "outlanders"[16] or berrani.[15] Bedine would usually offer a chance to surrender to an outlander enemy, not out of mercy, but because of a belief that men without honor could not lose it.[15] Despite there initial opinions, it was possible to change most Bedine's minds by demonstrating one's honor through both word and action.[15]

Enslave the Bedine? They would find it easier to cage the wind.
— Bhadla of the D'tarig[1]

A typical Bedine feared all things magical,[7][9] considering it both dishonorable and to be feared. In fact, tribes would outcast anyone casting magic, with a minor exception for small divine healing spells, which were seen as "favor of the gods." To even approach a magic item was considered crazy.[9] It might be possible, however, to convince a Bedine of an exception to this avoidance of magic items with the argument that a defensive weapon or armor was a special gift from the gods.[7]

Outlanders often considered the Bedine to be lazy. Rather, they were wise in their use of energy during daylight hours. It was pure stupidity to lose precious water to excessive sweating or to risk "the heat faints" of sun-stroke by running during the heat of the day.[5]

SocietyEdit

The Bedine were once divided into over 100 tribes[5][9][6] with the largest having more than 300 members.[5][9] Some of the tribes had never even hear of each other, and even more had never encountered one another in the vast wilderness of the desert.[5][9] One tribe met only an average of two others in a year of nomadic travels.[16] Rarely, more than a few tribes would temporarily unite under an "oversheikh" or "emir" against a common foe, such as lamias or asabi.[15] Known tribe names included: Alaii, Artinn Ruabi, Bai Kabor, Bait Mahwa, Binwabi, Bordjia, Clelarra, Desai, Dakawa, Dursalai, Felfaarin, Goldor, Iriphawa, Ju'ur Dai, Kellordrai, Lalajar, Mtair Dhafir, Mahlajai, Qahtan, Raz'hadi, Ruwaldi, Shremala, Ulaarjar, Yethtai, and Zazalaar.[11][2][6]

Oasis

Oases were considered sacred land to the Bedine, belonging to no single tribe.

The Bedine were a nomadic, tent-dwelling society.[5] Most sites in the Sword could not support permanent settlements, and those few oases that could were considered sacred land to the Bedine and not the property of any one tribe. Moreover, a tribe that stayed in a single location was often a target for rivals or predators.[17]

A tribe at rest arranged its tents in a circle, with the openings facing inwards,[17][9] for protection against the desert's dangers.[9] A few tribes had alternative arrangements for their tents, such as the Ruwaldi, who pitched theirs in parallel rows.[17] In any case, a camp was always highly guarded.[17]

The tents themselves were roughly shaped like cones or flattened pyramids. They had triangular floor plans. The walls were fashioned from thick-woven camel hair supported by wooden poles. Three poles lay on the ground, three extended up from each corner, and three more supported the ceiling in another triangle. Richer Bedine tents had one or more tent flies, called rihba'id by the Bedine, which were erected over the main tent for shade and protection from blowing sand. The tents were decorated with henna, coffee-grinds, or other colored juices, either in artistic patterns or in tribal symbols.[17]

Within a tent, the sandy ground was covered with carpet, attached to the floor-poles, which could be intricate—such as for the sheikh—or simple. Tents were surround on the inside by "thorn-girdles", or nabat-shef-habl, which were clusters of thorns, shards, and other sharp things woven into a string of vines, straps, or rope. A thorn-girdle kept small desert animals and vermin, such as scorpions, from entering one's tent. Cushions were used for sitting and reclining, and a low table was typically present. Other items usually found inside a Bedine tent were the packs for traveling and the women's ground-looms and cooking pots. Weapons were hung from the tent poles within reach, while extra clothes were hung on the outer poles and high off the ground. Clothes and blankets were sometimes used to divide the tent into separate rooms. A tent could shelter six persons, if they slept with their heads to the center.[17]

The sheikh's tent was much larger, with multiple rooms walled by tapestries. There were separate rooms for the council, for cooking, for the women, for storage, for dressing, for private discussions, etc. Some sheikhs had smoke-holes in the center of their tents for entertaining important guests with freshly roasted meat within the tent.[17]

Tents were lighted by lamps fueled with butter. Richer Bedine might instead use scented oils or perfumes for fuel or might even own oil lanterns with tinted glass.[17]

At night in the Sword, it was cold. If there was no time to pitch a tent, a Bedine might dig a temporary shelter into a sand dune and use a shield as a roof. Such a sand-shelter was called an asan-shurr in their language.[17]

When camped at a pool of water, the Bedine submerged skins of milk and water to keep them cool and the skins damp. Otherwise, these were hung from the ceiling of a tent. Such skins were one of the most precious belongings of a Bedine.[17]

At the center of an encampment was a campfire, which was kept burning at night for warmth and light.[17]

In the winter, each tribe had to find shelter from the Snowwinds, powerful snowstorms that fell on Anauroch. They found such shelter for the winter underground, in one of the many "buried kingdoms" of ancient past. Unfortunately, most of these subterranean ruins were infested with monsters and other predators—including beholders and worse creatures. A Bedine tribe would usually survive, but at great yearly loss of life, and this was one of the factors preventing the Bedine from swelling to great numbers.[15]

The Bedine were a strongly male-dominated society.[18][7] Men were allowed to have more than one wife, provided they could care for all of them.[18] A successful man was strong in battle and owned many camels or wives.[18]

Bedine warriors

Bedine warriors on camelback patrol the dunes of the Sword.

The men took turns on watch, posted at a good distance from the tents out of sight from each other. They carried signal horns for this task. Those men not on watch could serve the sheikh or the elders on errands or practice with their weapons. Other men were considered "waiting warrior"—those sleeping after their watch or those too sick or injured for other tasks. Waiting warriors might spend their time in gambling games or telling stories; however, even the waiting warriors were ready to help defend the tribe if the call came.[17]

Women of the tribe had many tasks, such as spinning camel wool, repairing carpets, boots, and clothing, or gathering camel-dung to shape into patties for fuel for cooking fires.[17]

The status of a woman was connected to that of her husband, but she could improve it through other areas of influence, such as knowledge. Thus, many older wise women might be sought out by even the sheikh himself if she knows more about a particular matter.[18] A woman who dared even to appear unveiled was considered "brazen".[7]

Children could be found in peaceful Bedine camps running amongst the tents or wrestling within the circle. Young boys would practice hunting or caring for weapons. Older daughters watched over the younger children or helped their mothers in domestic chores. Older sons would actively hunt for game and scout outside the camp and would serve as a watch for intruders.[17]

If a stranger ever entered a Bedine encampment, the women would whistle loudly as a signal to the whole camp.[17]

The wealthiest of Bedine had fancy, box-shaped camel-litters called haouadjej for transporting their women and luggage in comfort.[2]

The major hunting ground of the Bedine was the Saiyaddar, a hundred-mile region of grassland within the Sword.[19]

The Bedine did not practice medicine of any sort, not even having many herbs available.[17][7] Because they lacked dentistry, many Bedine were toothless by middle age.[17]

A common musical instrument of the Bedine was called a rebaba. It was a sort of long, thin, triangular lute.[2]

For animals, the Bedine kept camels and dogs. These dogs were splay-footed, which allowed them to run better on sand. The dogs fought off jackals and snakes and would bark if intruders arrived. They were also used to herd the camels. The Bedine did not consider the dogs pets.[17]

GovernmentEdit

Each tribe was ruled by a sheikh,[18][9] whose word was law.[18][9] A sheikh's wealth was determined by the size and quality of his herds.[19] A good sheikh always put the welfare of his tribe above his own.[18] He would lead his tribe in battle like a general.[18] The primary punishment used by a sheikh to ensure control over his tribe was banishment.[18][9] Obviously, if the sheikh banished too many people, he would no longer have a tribe to lead! This put a limit on his power.[18]

A careful warrior will make a wise elder.
— A Bedine saying[5]

The sheikh's ultimate power was further limited by tradition and important decisions made by the tribe's council of elders. The elders were composed of male warriors of the tribe, although older women could exert influence through their husbands. The council of elders could have about six elders on average, but larger tribes could have as many as a dozen. The council usually met in the tent of the sheikh, which was strongly guarded so that strangers and women could not hear the happenings within. The usual council meeting involved a good deal of arguing. If an agreement could not be found, the sheikh had the final word.[18]

Some of the traditions followed by all Bedine tribes included always giving water to the thirsty and always honoring one's oath.[18][9] A sheikh might provide an exemption to some of these traditions to an outsider; for example, a guest might not be required to fight to the death if someone challenged the guest for the possession of the guest's wife.[18]

TradeEdit

Historically, the Bedine avoided interacting with those outside their desert.[6] They commonly did trade with D'tarig caravan cities, however,[20] and the D'tarig acted as a sort of go-between for the Bedine tribes and the "outside world".[10]

The Bedine drank a dark coffee that they called qaw, a shorted form of qahwa, brewed from Anaurian beans. The D'tarig used to trade Bedine qaw with Zhentil Keep, but after the re-appearance of Thultanthar, the Bedine mostly kept their qaw to themselves.[21]

The Bedine also harvested sap from the trees of the desert, which they used to make incense and unguents. These made their ways into the exotic markets of Faerûn,[22] along with more mundane Bedine goods.[10]

LanguageEdit

The Bedine spoke a dialect of Midani,[7][23][8][24] the language of Zakhara,[25][23] a dialect known as Uloushinn by some scholars,[2][7][25] although the Bedine themselves did not have a word for their own language.[2] They used the Thorass alphabet,[23][8] but were not often literate.[7]

Bedine did not use surnames. If necessary, patronyms ("son of…") and andronyms ("wife of…") were sometimes used. Alternatively, the suffixes "the Young" or "the Old" might be added.[2]

ReligionEdit

The Bedine worshiped several variations of old Netherese gods: A'tar, Elah, Kozah, N'asr, and Shaundakul. Scholars, however, agreed that these deities were in fact Lathander, Selûne, Talos, Cyric or Kelemvor, and Beshaba, respectively.[8][3] "Shaundakul" was actually Beshaba using the old god's name in a personal plot to annoy him.[4] In addition, they worshiped many other lesser deities.[8]

With Kozah's wind, we drove the enemy before us like gazelles before the lion.
— A Bedine saying[5]

During the near century of subjugation to the Netherese, most city-dwelling Bedine had come to worship Shar.[26]

CultsEdit

The Cult of the Sacred Skull gained a foothold among the Bedine for a time. It was surreptitiously led by a mind flayer who was ultimately the voice of one or more phaerimm.[4]

CombatEdit

Bedine warrior

A Bedine warrior.

The Bedine were trained camel-riders and were adept at combat in the darkness of night.[7] They were trained in combat from before they are even adolescents.[7] Women, of course, were not supposed to fight as warriors,[7] whoever those who did often found themselves respected by male warriors, provided that this honor does not exceed the role she has as her husband's wife.[18]

A typical Bedine scouting party might include one to three warriors and one to two rangers. A patrol group might have between five and eight warriors with a healer and a leader. All of these combatants would be on camelback.[14]

The Bedine primarily fought with scimitars, lances, daggers, and bows and arrows[7][9]—all of which were made to some degree from camel parts.[9] Metal was very rare in the desert, so only hide and leather armor were worn,[7] if worn at all,[12] nor were there any metal shields.[7]

While they did use archery, because of the desert wind and the shimmer caused by the intense desert sunlight, most battles were determined in melee range. Similarly, most fighting and raids occurred during the cool of the night.[9]

During a raid, the Bedine were stealthy and deathly swift; during an all out battle, they filled the air with their loud battle-cries.[9] The Bedine often carried an amarat, a horn used to signal warnings to other Bedine.[2] If they needed light at night, they bore torches, made from resin-covered branches. Bedine were skilled at throwing these torches as weapons at robed enemies.[17]

For many years, the Zhentarim had tried to fight against the Bedine, but they found this problematic, for the Bedine only held land that they occupied at any particular moment.[19]

HistoryEdit

After the Fall of Netheril, the surviving cities, known as the Lost Kingdoms lasted for a time, until eventually the desert consumed them as well.[27] Then, in −339 DR, a group of humans emigrated from Zakhara using a portal. They intermingled with the populace of the ancient Netherese cities, and over time the combined culture became what was called the Bedine.[8] They maintained knowledge of their spoken language, Midani,[8] or Uloushinn,[2] but had all but forgotten their native written language.[8] Over the centuries since, traders introduced them to the Thorass alphabet.[8]

The Bedine tribes were never unified enough to be a threat to nearby Cormyr, the Dalelands, or Hill's Edge.[15]

The Bedine do not plan everything out in advance.
— Ruha, the Harper witch[1]

In the 1350s DR, the Zhentarim strove hard to establish a trade route across the desert. To do this, they needed to either exterminate the Bedine or subject them to slavery. They could do neither.[15] In 1360 DR, the Bedine tribes were temporarily united against the threat of the Zhentarim by the Harper Lander and the exiled Bedine witch Ruha.[28]

After the second rise of the Netherese Empire at the end of the 14th century DR, when the Spellplague restored the Anauroch to the fertile lands it once was, the Bedine were subjugated by the Netherese and forcefully integrated into their society,[29][30] making up the new middle class of the Empire.[31] Over the next few generations, they gradually became city dwellers, abandoning their nomadic ways,[32][6] and living in such cities as restored Oreme, Orofin, or Rasilith.[31] Some of the Bedine, however, formed a separatist group called the Sand Kings, who sought to overthrow the Netherese.[29][30].

I would rather die with my enemy's blood on my blade than live a slave.
— A Bedine saying[5]

In 1485 DR, the Bedine rebelled against the Netherese, after a war with Cormyr had thinned out Netheril's forces.[33] Within a few years, the Netherese Empire had been destroyed for the second time in history, and in 1488 DR, the Bedine battled with Netheril's surviving forces over a site known as Memory Spire. This conflict accidentally unleashed a horde of phaerimm, who once again wreaked havoc on the lands below with their life-draining magics.[33]

Notable BedineEdit

Ruha

Ruha, the famous Harper witch, was of the Bedine.

AppendixEdit

BackgroundEdit

The Bedine are likely inspired by the Bedouin people of north Africa and the Middle East.

AppearancesEdit

Novels 
Adventures 
Video games 

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Ed Greenwood (1991). Anauroch. (TSR, Inc), p. 10. ISBN 1-56076-126-1.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 Inside cover included in Ed Greenwood (1991). Anauroch. (TSR, Inc). ISBN 1-56076-126-1.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Richard Baker, James Wyatt (March 2004). Player's Guide to Faerûn. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 11. ISBN 0-7869-3134-5.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Ed Greenwood (1991). Anauroch. (TSR, Inc), p. 70. ISBN 1-56076-126-1.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 Ed Greenwood (1991). Anauroch. (TSR, Inc), pp. 10–11. ISBN 1-56076-126-1.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Kim Mohan ed. (2015). Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), pp. 110–111. ISBN 978-0786965809.
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 7.24 7.25 7.26 7.27 7.28 7.29 7.30 7.31 John Terra (February 1996). Warriors and Priests of the Realms. (TSR, Inc), pp. 59–60. ISBN 0-7869-0368-6.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 Reynolds, Forbeck, Jacobs, Boyd (March 2003). Races of Faerûn. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 106. ISBN 0-7869-2875-1.
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 9.18 9.19 9.20 Greg A. Vaughan, Skip Williams, Thomas M. Reid (November 2007). Anauroch: The Empire of Shade. (Wizards of the Coast), pp. 139–140. ISBN 0-7869-4362-9.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Greg A. Vaughan, Skip Williams, Thomas M. Reid (November 2007). Anauroch: The Empire of Shade. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 138. ISBN 0-7869-4362-9.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 R.A. Salvatore (August 6, 2013). The Companions. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 3. ISBN 0-7869-6371-9.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 William W. Connors (November 1995). Wizards and Rogues of the Realms. (TSR, Inc), p. 120. ISBN 0-7869-0190-X.
  13. Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 301. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 296. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 Ed Greenwood (1991). Anauroch. (TSR, Inc), pp. 12–13. ISBN 1-56076-126-1.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Ed Greenwood (1991). Anauroch. (TSR, Inc), p. 6. ISBN 1-56076-126-1.
  17. 17.00 17.01 17.02 17.03 17.04 17.05 17.06 17.07 17.08 17.09 17.10 17.11 17.12 17.13 17.14 17.15 17.16 17.17 17.18 Ed Greenwood (1991). Anauroch. (TSR, Inc), pp. 13–15. ISBN 1-56076-126-1.
  18. 18.00 18.01 18.02 18.03 18.04 18.05 18.06 18.07 18.08 18.09 18.10 18.11 18.12 18.13 Ed Greenwood (1991). Anauroch. (TSR, Inc), pp. 11–12. ISBN 1-56076-126-1.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 99. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
  20. Greg A. Vaughan, Skip Williams, Thomas M. Reid (November 2007). Anauroch: The Empire of Shade. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 91. ISBN 0-7869-4362-9.
  21. Ed Greenwood (October 2012). Ed Greenwood Presents Elminster's Forgotten Realms. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 93. ISBN 0786960345.
  22. Greg A. Vaughan, Skip Williams, Thomas M. Reid (November 2007). Anauroch: The Empire of Shade. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 132. ISBN 0-7869-4362-9.
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 85. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
  24. Kim Mohan ed. (2015). Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 112. ISBN 978-0786965809.
  25. 25.0 25.1 Thomas M. Costa (1999). “Speaking in Tongues”. In Dave Gross ed. Dragon Annual #4 (TSR, Inc), pp. 28–29.
  26. Bruce R. Cordell, Ed Greenwood, Chris Sims (August 2008). Forgotten Realms Campaign Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 165. ISBN 978-0-7869-4924-3.
  27. Greg A. Vaughan, Skip Williams, Thomas M. Reid (November 2007). Anauroch: The Empire of Shade. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 133. ISBN 0-7869-4362-9.
  28. Ed Greenwood (1993). The Code of the Harpers. (TSR, Inc), p. 56. ISBN 1-56076-644-1.
  29. 29.0 29.1 Bruce R. Cordell, Ed Greenwood, Chris Sims (August 2008). Forgotten Realms Campaign Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 85. ISBN 978-0-7869-4924-3.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Bruce R. Cordell, Ed Greenwood, Chris Sims (August 2008). Forgotten Realms Campaign Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 164. ISBN 978-0-7869-4924-3.
  31. 31.0 31.1 Rob Heinsoo, Logan Bonner, Robert J. Schwalb (September 2008). Forgotten Realms Player's Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 120. ISBN 978-0-7869-4929-8.
  32. Bruce R. Cordell, Ed Greenwood, Chris Sims (August 2008). Forgotten Realms Campaign Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 46. ISBN 978-0-7869-4924-3.
  33. 33.0 33.1 Kim Mohan ed. (2015). Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 17. ISBN 978-0786965809.

ConnectionsEdit