Draconic was the language of dragons. It used its own distinct alphabet, called Iokharic.[3] Other native speakers included members of draconic-related races, such as kobolds and dragonborn,[4] and members of reptilian races such as lizardfolk and troglodytes.[5] The language was also used as a primary means of arcane notation throughout Toril.[6]


Draconic was one of the earliest languages, influencing or creating the language of kobolds and other races.[4] According to dragons, their language was the oldest mortal tongue and all other mortal languages descended from it.[5] Scholars from Candlekeep theorized Draconic was created by the ignidracos, one of the ancestor species of true dragons.[7]

Draconic was a monolithic language, and it remained almost unchanged since its creation.[5] The only known Draconic language variant was the Aragrakh, an ancient draconic language.[6]

Dialects Edit

Slight variations in the dialect of Draconic were used among the different kinds of chromatic dragons, and were considered equivalent to regional accents. Metallic dragons on the other hand all had similar accents.[5]

Dragonborn and kobolds had their own unique draconic dialects, the Tymantheran[8] and the Yipyak,[9] respectively.

Basic grammarEdit

Draconic was a language of hard consonants and sibilants that usually sounded like hissing when spoken, like sj, ss, and sv. It also included a sound similar to a creature clearing its throat, ach.[4]

Draconic words were emphasized on the first syllable, and speakers of Draconic expressed important ideas by stressing the beginnings and the ends of words. Dragons often used this when referring to themselves, or when they wanted to command, warn, threaten, or otherwise make their point clear.[4]

Words that modified other words were placed before or after the word they modified, with the most important modifier always placed before. Draconic speakers often placed it a second time directly after the word for additional emphasis. Draconic had no specific word for “my” or “mine,” instead using several prefixes that depended on the exact meaning.[5]

Writing systemEdit

Main article: Iokharic

All Draconic languages use a script known as Iokharic. This script was likely created long after its spoken form was standardized, as dragons had little to no need to write than other races.[5]


The Iokharic alphabet was equivalent to that of human languages, with the same number of characters for letters and numbers.[4]


See AlsoEdit

Further ReadingEdit

External LinksEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 Mike Mearls, Jeremy Crawford (2014). Player's Handbook 5th edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 123. ISBN 978-0-7869-6560-1.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Skip Williams, Jonathan Tweet, Monte Cook (July 2003). Monster Manual 3.5. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 169. ISBN 0-7869-2893-X.
  3. Rob Heinsoo, Logan Bonner, Robert J. Schwalb (September 2008). Forgotten Realms Player's Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 156. ISBN 978-0-7869-4929-8.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Bruce R. Cordell, Ari Marmell and Robert J. Schwalb (November 2008). Draconomicon: Chromatic Dragons. (Wizards of the Coast), pp. 24, 25. ISBN 978-0786949809.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Gwendolyn F.M. Kestrel, Jennifer Clarke Wilkes, Kolja Raven Liquette (2006). Races of the Dragon. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 146. ISBN 0-7869-3913-3.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 85. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
  7. Nigel Findley, et al. (October 1990). Draconomicon. (TSR, Inc), p. 8. ISBN 0-8803-8876-5.
  8. Erin M. Evans (December 2015). Ashes of the Tyrant. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 17. ISBN 978-0786965731.
  9. Thomas M. Costa. "Speaking in Tongues." Dragon Magazine Annual 1999. Page 29. Renton, WA: Wizards of the Coast.