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Ravens Bluff was a port city, located on the Fire River on the eastern coast of the Dragon Reach, in the northern region known as the Vast. Home to great many adventurers and merchants, the citizens of Raven's Bluff came from all across Faerûn and represented just about every race from civilized lands. As diverse as its populace, the interests of the city wavered between the mercantile Sembia to the south, Mulmaster in the north and was shaped by power groups such as the Zhentarim the Red Wizards of Thay and the Lords of Westgate.[5]

SocietyEdit

In the late 14th century DR, Ravens Bluff was a rapidly-growing, young city, rife with opportunities for adventure to be had and gold to be made. A beacon of civilization in an uncivilized land, it appealed to nobles of the court just as much as to frontiers folk looking for a new start or a new life. It was an adventurer's dream.[4]

Reputation, fame and prestige were driving forces in the city of Ravens Bluff.[6]

Art and cultureEdit

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EducationEdit

The level of education varied greatly amongst the citizens of Ravens Bluff. Very few of the poorer Ravenians were literate, their children received nothing in the way of a real education, and were offered few opportunities, except to learn the family trade or craft. On some rare occasions, families of little means could save, and pool their meager earnings together to see one fortunate child off to apprentice under a merchant or artisan. More commonly however, these children would eventually seek the adventuring life to improve their lot in the world.[7]

Families of some means would being educate their children's education at the age of eight years, either at home by means of personal tutors at home, or by instructors at the family's local temple of their faith (an opportunity afforded to them by the city's Clerical Cirle). Subjects of learning included reading, writing, arithmetic, history, geography, and the fundamentals of the Faerûnian pantheon. After the age of twelve, young men and women would begin their apprenticeships in trades related to the family business, or those of close allies. To those affluent Ravenian youth who demonstrated an aptitude for the arcane arts, the wizards guild was open to apprentices whose families could afford the tuition.[7]

MagicEdit

Arcane magic was a almost a part of daily life in the Bluff,[5] as, for seemingly unknown reasons, it attracted a great many travelers who were sensitive to magical energies. During the late 14th century, some spellcasters born in the city began to demonstrate a magnificent ability to release blasts of arcane energy during times of great stress. This feat, which bathed them in a green and white, flame-like aura, came to be known as wildfire by the local guild wizards.[8] Some believed this phenomenon to an effect of the mythal created around a drow stronghold, built under the mouth of the Fire River, thousands of years before the dwarves of Sarbreen.[citation needed]

RecreationEdit

Locally favorite recreations in the Bluff included spectating, and gambling on, dog, horse and even river boat racing. If the weather were inclement, or someone just preferred the indoors, games of dice, cards and chess could be found in any local tavern. Ravenians could see a local production at the playhouse, or, if they were so cultured, take in a performance at the opera house. Although for the aristocratic Ravenians, the ultimate leisure activity were the almost-nightly revels hosted by the city's noble families, during "the season" surrounding Midsummer. To be invited to a revel thrown by a noble family on even one occasion signified that someone had socially "arrived" among the wealthy and noble.[9]

Regardless of class, the most celebrated joy within the city was traveling circus locally-known as "Mooney's Menagerie". They were the pride of the city, and called it home during the winter months, when not touring the Heartlands.[9]

Outside the city, hunting and riding were popular pastimes among the Ravenians who could afford at least some time off from work and obligations of life. A favorite mounted hide-and-seek game, "Riding down the maiden", involved a few mounted riders seeking out a lady on horseback, who had been given a head start. The search and chase would end around nightfall in a celebratory revel.[9]

Game of Masks


ReligionEdit

Ravens Bluff was open and welcoming of most faiths found throughout Faerûn so long as their devotees didn't break the law, or interfere with commerce. Citizens were expected to honor the deities of the "civic religion" of Ravens Bluff, those powers that would ensure continued health and prosperity within the city, in addition to their personal or family's beliefs.[10] These deities of the civic religion included Chauntea,[11] Gond, Helm,[12] Lathander, Mystra, Selûne,[13] Tempus, Tymora,[14] Tyr and Waukeen.[15] The city government sponsored civic temples to these gods, and offered their local churches tax exemption and exorbitant gifts to demonstrate their divine devotion.[10]

The city had a number of holy houses dedicated to faiths outside of the civic religion, such as the True Temple of the Dead, a temple of Kelemovr in the city's graveyard, or the House of Darkness, a merchant house operated exclusively by worshipers of Sharess.[16]

Clerical CircleEdit

The Clerical Circle, a council comprised of a representative from each of the 10 civic temples, acted to keep a balanced and peaceful balance between the faiths of the collective civic religion. They advocated for their collective faiths, administered punishment to criminal clergy members[10] (by means of the Ecclesiastical Court)[11] and oversaw construction of temples within the city, as well as those erected within a days travel outside its walls. Meetings of the circle were led by the Chief Prelate, who were elected from among circle representatives, whose appointment fell to each individual civic church.[10]

GovernmentEdit

For decades the city of Ravens Bluff has had a decentralized government, with civic offices that were filled by appointees of the noble houses. The various Lord Protectors and Lord Treasurers were less interested in efficient governance but rather sought to please their benefactors from among the city's aristocracy.[17]

This dynamic changed in 1341 DR, a time of tremendous bad fortune for Ravens Bluff, when Lady DeVillars reached out her freinds and contemporaries among the city's nobility, and collectively sponsored the Championship Games. The winner of this martial tournament, Charles Oliver O'Kane, was given the title of Lord Mayor of Ravens Bluff and given the authority, and responsibility, to act as a governor for the city-state.[18] The position allowed executive decisions of the city to fall under a single authority, acting in harmony with long-standing legislative body, the Council of Lords.[17]

Lord MayorEdit

Under the inaugural term of Mayor O'Kane, the office of Lord Mayor was defined in relation to the city's civic offices. The mayor of Ravens Bluff soon become the face of the city, as he was its most visible and active representative. As one of his first actions was to call a meeting of the Council of Lords, the position quickly became responsible for presenting policy options to the city legislators. Among the other duties of the mayor were daily declarations and decrees regarding city operations, the organization of its defenses and the establishment and promotion of its foreign policies with other nations. To limit their power, the Lord Mayor had no control over who kept a seat on the Lords' Council.[17]

The Lord Mayor was supported by an appointed Deputy Mayor, who managed their superior's schedule, condensed and presented them with reports from throughout the city and, if it was needed, filled in as acting-mayor in their absence.[17]

The city's second mayor, Lady Thoden made few changes in her first months in office.[17]

City CouncilsEdit

Council of Lords
One of the oldest government bodies within the city of Ravens Bluff, the Council of Lords was responsible for legislation and policy-making. The Council was comprised of leaders from among the city's lordships families (who were guaranteed a seat), select other noble houses, as well as various civic officers including the Lord Chancellor, Lord Magistrate,Lord Marshal,the Lord Speaker of the Advisory Council, and lastly the Chief Prelate and First Seat from the Ministry of Art. They were led by a Lord Speaker, who was elected from among their ranks.[19]
Advisory Council
This group of advisers were comprised of 20-30 retired officials, nobles, council members or government appointees, who regularly met to debate issues that arose in the city and offer their advice to the Council of Lords, Merchants Council or Lord Mayor. Although they held no official power, they were held in high regard and carried much prestige within the city. Their Lord Speaker, who was elected from among their numbers, held a seat on the Lords Council.[20]
Merchants Council
Ministry of Art
Clerical Circle
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Civic officesEdit

Lord Magistrate
This crucial post, whose responsibilities demanded full-time dedication, was in charge of the city's justice system including its courts and prisons.[20]
Lord Marshal
Empowered with the full authority of the Ravenian armed forces, the Lord Marshal defended the city of Ravens Bluff from all threats, domestic and foreign. They were the highest authority of command for the city's army and navy, its specialty forces (such as the Nightwatch), and its knightly orders, when they so needed to be rallied. The Lord was supported by a Field Marshal, who led the military on the field of battle and the city's Chief Constable, who handled the daily operations of the City Watch.ref name="CoRB-p67"/>
Lord Chancellor
This office was implemented in the mid—14th century DR, at the behest of Mayor O'Kane to stabilize the city's fluctuating economy.[18] In addition to managing the economic departments of the city, the harbor, customs, treasury and guilds, they were responsible for handling foreign policy,[21] under the Lord Mayor.[17]

Under the Chancellery were several Regents, who ran the day-to-day operations of these departments.[22]

  • Regent of City Works: This post lacked the glamour of other appointed offices within Ravens Bluff, though it was equally as important. They were in charge of the city's sanitation, water supply, building inspection, cemetery, the heraldry office (doubling as the city's "Ravencoat") as well as maintaining its municipal records (including births, indentured services, purchases, financial loans, tenancy contracts, mortgages and property deeds).[22]
  • Regent of the Exchequer: Supported by a small army of clerks and tax collectors, this officer was charged with the daily economic function of Ravens Bluff. They oversaw the security of the treasury and city vaults, regulated and minted currency (including the amount of precious metals included therein), prevented and the stamped out counterfeiting efforts, issued licenses to bank and moneylenders and collected taxes from the Ravenian citizenry.[22]
  • Regent of the Harbor: The Regent of the Harbor oversaw all dock operations which had been approved by the Council. These duties included operating the city's lighthouse on Ladyrock Island, inspecting, handling and potentially disposing of (hazardous) cargo from incoming vessels, patrolling the harbor and fighting off any attempts to engage in piracy or smuggling.[22]
  • Regent of Guilds: One of the busiest, most difficult posts within Ravens Bluff, this civic officer acted as an intermediary between the government and the multitude of guilds located throughout the city.[22]

Law and orderEdit

Main article: Laws of Ravens Bluff

The laws were created by the parliamentary body, the Council of Lords.[19]

The ownership and sale of slaves was always illegal in Ravens, though strict enforcement of the laws only began around the year 1340 DR.[23]

Smuggling and thievery, particularly burglary, were the most common crimes that troubled the Ravens Bluff. Though the thieves guild, known as the Four Ravens was largely put down in the mid-1300's, there were a fair number of independent, if largely unorganized, night-prowling thieves.[9]

DefenseEdit

City WatchEdit

City Guard
Nightwatch


EconomyEdit

Unlike many cities of Faerun that primarily gathered or produced goods to sell, such as the timber and farming hamlets in the Dalelands,[24][25] or gem and iron-mining fortresses in the Sword Coast North,[26] Ravens bluff had a thriving, serviced-based economy. The great number of adventurers and travelers in the city could spend their hard-earned coin by hiring scribes, couriers, guards, escorts, messengers or any other skilled individual. Failing something so productive, there were a great number of hucksters, peddlers and courtesans, in the city's many taverns, festhalls and curios ships, eager to whisk their money away.[9]

Farming, fishing and huntingEdit

Outside the walls of Ravens Bluff were vast farmlands stretching out eastward. While they may not have been as well-off as Ravenians within the city's walls, they were well-enough taken care of to stay content, and produce enough low-cost food for their city-folk brethren. Although much of the farmlands were ravaged in the war of 1370 DR, a large influx of halfling settlers from the south prevented the collapse of local agriculture.[9]

SlaveryEdit

While the keeping or sale of slaves was illegal within the city, some unscrupulous Sembian merchants and pirates found ways to circumvent the law. They would sell exotic pets, such as albino peacocks and tailless sundcats, to Ravenian lords or wealthy merchants, along with "a keeper" who was in fact a slave. This practice was forcefully put to a stop by Mayor O'Kane in the first years of his tenure, with strict enforcement of anti-slavery laws by the city's paladins of Tyr and an official decree that anyone considered a slave would be granted indentured servitude in accordance with the house they served, and credited for the time they had already spent in bondage.[23]

TradeEdit

Almost everyone that lived in the city was able to find work, of one kind or another. Individual laborers, craftspeople and shopkeepers held a great number of small businesses, linked together by the city's numerous guilds. Large trade consortiums managed the laborious task of managing goods in and out of the city, which formed the basis for the Ravenian economy.[4]

InhabitantsEdit

The demographics of Ravens bluff varied greatly. While the poor lived in rundown buildings, tents or even alleys in the Crow's End Disctrict[4][27] on the shores of the Fire River, merchants and craftspeople tended to live in the south side of the city, while the wealthy Lords and nobles enjoyed vast mansions and sprawling estates uptown.[4]

More so than the city's nobles, or its merchant class, adventurers were the most profound population group in Ravens Bluff. Popular opinion regarding those who undertook the adventuring profession ranged from foolhardy explorers to outright dangerous liabilities.[5]

PopulationEdit

Ravens bluff was populated in large part by travelers, wanderers and vagabonds. In the year 1350 DR, the population was around 17,000 with about 3,000 of them being adventurers. The city exploded in growth over the next two decades. By 1370 DR, the year-round population of Ravenian citizens was around 30,000, with another 10,000 if all the foreign passers-by were taken into account. Almost 2,500 of them took up the adventuring life.[4]

MerchantsEdit

NobilityEdit

The nobility of Ravens Bluff were the pinnacle of society and class. Members of long-standing noble families were granted a certain type of respect that even the most celebrated adventurer, or newly-rich merchant prince, could never attain. There were five titles of nobility, in ascending order they were:[6]

Titles

Knight/Ladyknight - addressed as "Sir"/"Maer"
Calagard/Calagarth - addressed as "High Sir"/"High Maer"
Baron/Baroness - addressed as "Urgave"/"Urgrava"
Exalted - addressed as "Saer"/Saeress
Lord/Lady - addressed as the same

LordsEdit

Lords of Ravens Bluff were entitled to a seat on the city's Advisory Council and received a number of other perks in accordance with their title. Among these were:[6]

  • Rights at first bid for certain civic appointments
  • 10% reduction in annual property taxes
  • The right to raise a personal guard of up to 20 men-at-arms
  • "First immunity" to crimes of which they were convicted
This section is a stub. You can help us by expanding it.


OrganizationsEdit

GuildsEdit

Knightly OrdersEdit

Knighthoods of Ravens Bluff were fairly common, being granted upon its citizens by the Knights Council for a myriad of reasons. Historically, they were bestowed upon nobles as a means to help regulate the city's adventurers, and prevent them from becoming a martial force unto themselves. They were also a sign of honor, given to show respect for nobles who had just about everything they could want in life. The orders existed in a hierarchy of five tiers, with the Raven Nights in the top tier, followed by the religious orders, secular orders, initiate order and the knights of individual noble houses.[28]

Lords Knights
A collective of the various "civilian orders" of knights, belonging to the various noble houses of Ravens Bluff.[29]
Knights of the Golden Rooster
This order of initiate knights drew its members from the nobles and adventurers of the city who were deserving of some recognition for their deeds.[28]
Knights of the Dove
More diplomatic than the other secular orders of Ravens Bluff, these knights focused their efforts on information-gathering and uplifting city morale during peaceful times and served as combat healers when conflicts arose.[30]
Knights of the Hawk
An order of vigilant and discreet protectors who would rally to the city's defense in a moment's notice.[31]
Knights of the Griffon
This martially-focused fraternity served as stalwart defenders of Ravens Bluff and were assigned to the city's military during times of war.[32]
Pillars of the Realms
A non-denominational order that protected the citizens' religious freedoms within Ravens Bluff.[28]
Right Hand of Tyr
These Tyrran knights were devoted to administering justice and routing out evil of all types from Ravens Bluff.[28]
Knights of the Phoenix
Divine knights who kept the city safe from undead an extra-planar creatures.[28]
Keepers of the Mystic Flame
Knights who dedicated their lives to regulating the use of magic within the city's walls.[28]
Raven Knights
This order of knights served as the city's ultimate protectors, commanding the Ravenian military and making decisions that would shape the future of the city-state.[28]

OthersEdit

Cult of the Raven
A group of predominantly young noblewomen who venerated the spirit of "the Raven", a lifeforce they believed drew its power from the magic-rich region of the city.[33]
Four Ravens
This "thieves guild" never acted, or even existed, with enough tangibility to be known throughout the city as more than a myth, or legend from decades past. It may or may not exist, or have ever existed.[34]
Mark of the Wolf
Silver Sheaf
Viper Ring

HistoryEdit

The settlement that would come to be known as Ravens Bluff began in 1222 DR, as a small collective of mercenaries and homesteader families from Murann, the Vilhon Reach and the Sea of Fallen Stars sought a fertile land that was free from dangers like orcs and barbarians. They settled at the mouth of the Fire River, and set up well-defended farms and homesteads that survived long enough to attract other colonists. By 1226 DR over a dozen families had joined the DeVillar and Moorland clans in the community, and the inn called Luker's Ravensgate was built as the fledgling town's centerpiece.[2]

Ravens Bluff grew in size and population over the next half-century and, by the late 13th century, began to attract the wrath of pirates from the Sea of Fallen Stars. In 1293 DR, the farmers around the Bluff demanded protection from the city's self-appointed lords. Together, along with an influx of merchants from the south, the Ravenaar brought in bands of mercenaries and trained their citizens to take up arms in defense. In 1304 DR, a city-wide initiative of construction and investment in infrastructure was undertaken. The ruins of Sarbreen were converted into a city-wide sewer system and massive walls were erected around the warehouses and grand estate houses built along the coast.[2]

Although the city continued to thrive, monster attacks surged in frequency and intensity over the next few decades, to the point where sea-trade began to be affected. Foreign traders looked to the cities of Tantras and Procampur over Ravens Bluff and the city's lords and merchants saw their income of gold starkly decline. In 1341 DR, as a response to the city's growing perils, Lady Lauren DeVillars proposed the nobles host the Champion Games, and offer mayorship of the city to the tournament's victor.[18]

New leadershipEdit

The winner of the games was a charismatic warrior by the name of Charles Oliver O'Kane. As the newly appointed leader of Ravens Bluff, Mayor O'Kane convinced the Lords of the city to invest their wealth back into the city and establish a guild structure for the Ravenian craftsmen and tradespeople. The citizens threw their support in for the mayor, the city's fortunes turned and it discovered new prosperity. Alliances were established, such as that which was struck with Lord Lashan Aumersair of Scardale, the reaches of the government was expanded and the lords of the Ravenian noble families were brought together in an alliance of mutual security and increased wealth.[18] The newly-appointed Lord Marshal rallied the city's forces in defense against the monstrous and humanoid raiders from the rest of The Vast.[35]

WarEdit

In 1370 DR, Ravens Bluff suffered a devastating surprise naval assault by the pirates of the of Inner Sea, costing the city most of its naval forces. As the harbor lay vulnerable to the pirate rates, the outlying of Ravens Bluff were besieged by a magically shrouded army of humanoid mercenaries, orcs, giant-kin and even tanar'ri, led by the warlord, Myrkyssa Jelan. Mayor O'Kane was captured in a fiendish swoop during the early hostilities, and a number of city officials were accused of, and even arrested for, conspiracy to aide the invaders.[35]

The war raged on for half a year. Noble estates, even entire villages, outside the city were razed to the ground and the wealth and fortunes of a number of families were completely lost to war. As the city came to the verge of being completely sacked, Ravenians of all class and station united together, under the leadership of Lord Blacktree, to turn the monstrous horde away. Their efforts culminated in the Six-Day Battle,[35] a continuous skirmish fought from Elmond's Field to the walls of Ravens Bluff along the Fire River. On the 6th day of combat, just as Warlord Jelan's oni mages seemed to gain the advantage over Ravenian cavalry, they were ravaged by a black dragon that struck from their rear.[36]

AftermathEdit

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GeographyEdit

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Notable locationsEdit

Foreign DistrcitEdit

Also known as "Outlander Town", or "Outlander District", this clean, quiet and almost lifeless walled-off section of the city housed embassies of foreign nations, as well as handful of residences.[37]

Harbor DistrictEdit

The Harbor District contained a majority of the city's docks, and stretched from the west coast of the peninsula along the shores of the Dragon Reach, to the northern bank of the Fire Fire[38] and Ladyrock island.[39]

Seaglimpse Neighborhood
This neighborhood within the Harbor District had few attractions to those outside of shipping, dockwork or nautical navigation.[40]
Silverscales Neighborhood
Located outside the city's seawalls, the dockside alleys of this dark and foreboding neighborhood were rife with opportunities for danger. As many of the streets and businesses were without names, the activities found within were a mystery, but as the local saying went: "Docksiders know".[41]
Bitterstone Neighborhood
Considered the heart of the harbor, this neighborhood housed most of the successful, and reputable, nautical-themed businesses and shops.[43]
Ladyrock Neighborhood
A favored stomping grounds of sailors coming into the city, this island on the Fire River contained an old lighthouse that served as home to the city's Regent of the Harbor.[39]

Temple DistrictEdit

Altarside Neighborhood
Holyhouses Neighborhood
Swordspoint Neighborhood
Gowntown Neighborhood

Market DistrctEdit

This is its own neighborhood. It is never sleeping, with dingy stalls and warehouses filled with vendors.

Uptown DistrictEdit

Torchtown Neighborhood
Sixstar Neighborhood
Tentowers Neighborhood
Mortonbrace Neighborhood
Skymbles Neighborhood

Crow's End DistrictEdit

Anvil Neighborhood
Burnt Gables Neighborhood
Shadystreets Neighborhood
The Shutters Neighborhood

Southside DistrictEdit

Pumpside Neighborhood
Tlasbras Neighborhood
Stormrime Neighborhood

Notable inhabitantsEdit

Notable locationsEdit

Inns and tavernsEdit


AppendixEdit

GalleryEdit

AppearancesEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Bruce R. Cordell, Ed Greenwood, Chris Sims (August 2008). Forgotten Realms Campaign Guide. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 192. ISBN 978-0-7869-4924-3.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 3. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  3. Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 215. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 10. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 2. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 46. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 12. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  8. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 15. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 11. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 26. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 27. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  12. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 28. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  13. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 29. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  14. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 30. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  15. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 31. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  16. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 32. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 63. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 4. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 64. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 67. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  21. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 65. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 66. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 13. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  24. Richard Baker (1993). The Dalelands. (TSR, Inc), p. 12. ISBN 978-1560766674.
  25. Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 120. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
  26. Ed Greenwood, Sean K. Reynolds, Skip Williams, Rob Heinsoo (June 2001). Forgotten Realms Campaign Setting 3rd edition. (Wizards of the Coast), p. 176. ISBN 0-7869-1836-5.
  27. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 102. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 28.5 28.6 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 37. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  29. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 42. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  30. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 39. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  31. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 41. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  32. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 40. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  33. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 17. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  34. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 18. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 5. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  36. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 6. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  37. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 103. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  38. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 92. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  39. 39.0 39.1 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 110. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  40. 40.0 40.1 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 104. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  41. 41.0 41.1 Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 106. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
  42. Ed Greenwood (November 1998). The City of Ravens Bluff. (TSR, Inc), p. 107. ISBN 0-7869-1195-6.
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